In case of vascular disease, headache is a key symptom. Take this into account for the timely diagnosis of vascular dystonia, hypertension, transient ischemic attack, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracerebral hematoma, vascular malformation, venous discirculation, arteritis, stroke.
Vegeto-vascular dystonia headache is accompanied by loss of consciousness, nausea, spikes in blood pressure, neurotic disorders. Climate change or nervous tension, emotional decline may exacerbate the symptom.
Hypertension causes pain spasms with tinnitus, blurring of the eyes, nausea, pain in the heart area. Often, the headache in the area of the back of the head.
Venous dysfunction is supplemented with headache at certain hours of the day – morning and evening. The symptom is supplemented by feelings of heaviness and pressure, the pain becomes blunt and bilateral.
If you feel a sharp intense pain, it may be a sign of an acute stroke. Severe pain with a pulse near the temple indicates that you have a temporal artery. Vascular problems are also accompanied by pain in the head and impaired thinking.
Some head injuries cause pain in the head. For example, acute damage to the craniocerebral structure of the head always causes this symptom, given the intensity and severity. Intolerable pain is accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Hematomas cause delayed spasms in the centers of origin.
Headache is always a key symptom of different types of infections (meningitis, encephalitis and colds). It is supplemented by hanging body temperature, heaviness in the head, a feeling of compression of eyes and ears, nausea and vomiting in case of acute infection.
Whining painful sensations occur in the head due to a range of eye diseases: glaucoma, strabismus, refraction disorders. Blunt pain in the head with intraocular discomfort, a sense of gravity can cause many problems to the patient.
Diseases of the ear and appendages of the sinuses of the nose and teeth are also accompanied by head spasms. The center of pain will be located in the area of inflammatory process.
Neuralgia of cranial nerves is also accompanied by headache. Seizures can be quite strong, with a cutting tingling sensation. They occur only in the process of teeth cleaning, during communication, chewing food, in contact with cold food. Between these manipulations, the attacks retreat.
Various pathologies of the cervical spine also do not do without a headache.
Degenerative-dystrophic disease, discogenic root symptoms, instability of the vertebrae cause spasms in the back of the head and the neck region. The pain can be severe, dull and prolonged. It manifests during the turn of the head and tilting it forward.
Cancers, kidney failure and diabetes.
In cancer, renal failure and diabetes mellitus, headache signals a metabolic imbalance.
Headaches in infectious diseases
Cold viruses and other infectious diseases are accompanied by the harmful effects of toxins from microbial activity. This causes headaches against the background of high fever, body scrapes, chills, vision problems. Headache can be defeated with antipyretic drugs with antipyretic effect.
Increased spasms in the head with a cold can be a sign of a very serious disease called meningitis. Timely diagnosis of meningococcal infection will help avoid lethal brain damage. Some forms of meningitis can lead to the death of a patient within a few hours.
Examination of the patient
In case of headache, the patient must undergo a large number of examinations by different specialists: visit the therapist, ophthalmologist, neurologist, neurosurgeon, and even an infectious disease specialist when needed. A full examination is assigned based on the individual situation of each patient. The basis of diagnosis: dopplerography; electroencephalography; computer tomography of the head; thyroid examination; inspection of the cervical spine.
The patient also needs to take some tests: general blood and sugar tests, lipidogram.